T-62 - armored predator of the Cold War
The beginning of the Cold War gave a powerful push to the raceweapons in general and the tank building industry in particular. The likelihood of an armed confrontation was extremely high, which required extraordinary design decisions in the sphere of creating new types of heavy weapons that could be effectively used as the decisive power argument of foreign policy.
Because of this period of the fifties and sixtiesyears of the last century became, perhaps, the most productive in the history of the domestic defense industry. Tank construction in these two decades was marked by the creation of several new models of combat vehicles. All of them were distinguished by original design decisions and a whole range of innovations that concerned equipment, chassis, fire control systems, weapons, etc.
It was during the culmination of the Cold War,which took place in the sixties, the Soviet tank industry created a fundamentally new class of armored vehicles, which was called the "main tank". This tank family was replaced by traditional medium and heavy vehicles, which were soon withdrawn from production. The Soviet "defense industry" has received a new direction of development. T-62 was the last domestic serial tank of the middle class.
This is the only armored vehicle that does not immediatelymanaged to oust "the main tanks." Which is not surprising, because the T-62 had a number of unique technical characteristics, which at that time had no analogues in the world. The most advanced NATO technology of this class was much inferior to it in many ways.
The T-62 tank is the first armored vehicle in the world equippeda special 115-mm smooth-bore gun U-5TS, specially for which the genius of Soviet engineering thought was created feathered armor-piercing and sub-caliber projectiles. The first BPS for this gun was released in 1959 year. These armor piercing shells had unprecedented armor penetration. And by the range of a direct shot, about 1.6 times superior to the best examples of similar Western weapons.
Cumulative projectiles, also developedespecially for the T-62, were twice as high as the identical ammunition for rifled guns. In general, this tank was an ideal predator of war. The T-62 was a fighting vehicle with a powerful cannon, super-reliable armor and stunningly high maneuverability. It seemed that he was created by a born hunter himself the god of war.
T-62 had a completely traditional layout, whichenvisaged the location of the engine-transmission compartment in the feed sector. The control department was located in the frontal segment, and the combat unit occupied the middle section of the armored vehicle. The crew of the tank consisted, as the classics of the genre requires, from 4 people: the commander, the loading, the gunner and the driver-mechanic.
The T-62 was equipped with a differentiatedanti-ballistic armor. On this machine, even a special antinuclear protection system was installed, which was supposed to reliably protect the crew from the excessive pressure that occurs during an atomic explosion, and from the ingress of radioactive elements into the machine. To do this, the tank body was maximally sealed.
As soon as this armored car appeared in the troops, toWestern specialists began to show increased interest in it. But for a long time they could not get at least a photo of the new secret military machine. This unique tank was publicly demonstrated only on the traditional parade on November 7, 1967. But by that time the modification of this armored vehicle T-62 was already adopted, which was equipped with a cast tower of a new type and a powerful rifled 100 mm gun. Soviet military equipment has always been one step ahead ...