What is the number of Carnival? Traditions and customs of the Carnival celebration
Shrovetide is a wild party holiday, havingpagan roots. With his arrival, we feast on pancakes, dance, dance from the mountains, organize numerous entertainments and burn a straw dummy. What is the number of Pancake week? What customs are associated with it? To learn about this, let us turn to the origins.
Origin of the holiday
Initially, the Carnival was tied to the dayspring solstice. It was she who marked the beginning of a new agricultural year. Winter for peasants is a difficult, cold, dark time. Everyone was looking forward to the onset of spring.
When the Carnival begins, the sun god is resurrected- I'm sorry. His parish was praised with songs, dances. To help young spring overcome the insidious winter, burned a scarecrow, arranged all sorts of fights, destroyed the snow town. The games were noisy, so that the dormant nature woke up, revived. Special ceremonies were held to ensure a rich harvest in the new year.
On what date was the Carnival celebrated before the adoption of Christianity? Researchers say that it was celebrated for two weeks: one before the spring equinox, and the second after a significant event.
After the baptism of Rus, many pagan holidayswere banned. However, Carnival was of great importance for the people, and it was successfully entered into Christian traditions. True, while it was significantly reduced.
Now the holiday was celebrated one week before the GreatFasting. What is the number of Maslenitsa this year, you can find out by looking in the Orthodox calendar. Usually it starts for the period from February 3 to March 14. At this time people are having fun and eating off before the coming abstinence. Meat can no longer be eaten, so Maslenitsa was nicknamed "meat". But on the tables a lot of pancakes, dairy products.
Orthodox Christians should prepare forpost, reconciled with your surroundings. It is customary to visit relatives to ask for forgiveness for their misdeeds, help those in need, and engage in charity.
Every day at Shrovetide week has its owntraditions. Monday was called a "meeting". In the morning, from straw and old clothes, a scarecrow was built, which was carried around the village by sleigh. The children joyfully greeted the Shrove Tuesday with rolls, went to their houses, begging for sweets. In the square, swings and booths were set, skating began from the ice mountains. The further the skids roll, the higher the swing, the better the harvest, the longer the flax. When Maslenitsa begins, everyone must have fun. Otherwise, luck and wealth will bypass you.
In well-to-do families, the first pancakesShrovetide. The housewives had their secrets. Someone put the dough on the snow, others kneaded it on the river in the light of the stars. Hot, round pancakes are a symbol of the sun. The more you eat them, the faster the frosts will recede. However, in Russia pancakes have always remained a memorial meal. The first portion was taken to be given to the deceased. For this, a pancake was hung on a dormer window or presented to a beggar, asking him to pray for ancestors.
In the old days this day was called a "flirtation". The festivities began, comic performances were shown in the show booths, mummers appeared on the streets. But the main was a love story.
The Maslenitsa festival is closely connected with the offensivespring, fertility. In pagan times, weddings were timed to him. The church forbade marrying Shrovetide, the celebrations had to be postponed to the Red Hill. But new traditions have appeared.
On the "flirt" the guys arranged a show for the girls. The young people rode from the mountains, furtively looking at each other, negotiating about matchmaking. In the sleigh they harnessed fast horses. A young man could ride any girl he liked, and she was supposed to kiss him as a token of gratitude. If the beauty refused, the boyfriend's friends "freezed" the sleigh and did not release the riders until the condition is met.
All newlyweds had to ride on horses and snow mountains, accept congratulations, and then kiss in front of all honest people.
It is impossible to imagine Maslenitsawithout tents with pancakes and sweets. The more generous the table, the richer the harvest will be. Particularly satisfying our ancestors gorged on Wednesday, which was also called "gourmet".
Mother-in-law on that day cooked the most delicious dishes andinvited the sons-in-law to visit. There was another family in the house. The table was served with beer, pancakes were baked with various fillings: caviar, potatoes, mushrooms, cottage cheese, honey, nuts. For the mother-in-law and son-in-law, funny contests were arranged. If the husband of the daughter approved the treat, then the next year will be held in peace and harmony.
Women and girls of different ages"girlish congresses". They with songs skated on horses, decorated with ribbons, drove off the slides and joked at the bachelors. They came up with punishments for the fact that last year they could not find a suitable bride. Young people bought sweets and pancakes.
People called this day "razgulay". From it began "wide Maslenitsa", when the economic work was prohibited. All games and rituals were designed to help the sun overcome the winter. For example, riding horses had to be clockwise around the settlement, imitating the movement of the sun in the sky. The model of the lantern often became a wheel that was fastened to a pole or pole. Sometimes it was set on fire and rolled down from the mountains. If the wheel does not fall - a person was expecting happiness.
Any scenario of Maslenitsa on the street includescompetitions: tug-of-war, comic battles, climbing the post for gifts. Our ancestors necessarily organized fisticuffs, including "wall to wall". They took this game very seriously, before it they washed themselves in a bathhouse, ate thickly, gaining strength. Fought to the first blood, which symbolized a sacrifice to the spirits.
The Carnival is unthinkable without takingThe fortress, built of compressed snow. As a weapon used snowballs, brooms, shovels. The winner was the one who first broke into the gate. He was "washed" in a snowdrift or forced to swim in an ice hole. The fortress was destroyed, which symbolized victory over the harsh winter.
In the cities there were show booths, were shownRepresentations, people mocked people. An obligatory participant in the fun was a bear - a real or disguised. He became a symbol of spring. Indeed, the awakening of bears after hibernation is a sure sign of the coming heat.
Her ancestors nicknamed "mother-in-law's evening." If before the pancakes were treated to pancakes by the son-in-law, now they themselves had to act as hospitable hosts. The day before was supposed to personally come to the house to the mother-in-law and invite her to lunch or dinner. His wife's parents were supposed to provide young people with everything necessary for the preparation of pancakes: flour, butter, frying pan, ladle, cask for dough.
On Friday, the brother-in-law sent his dear guestfriends and neighbor children - "pozyvatok." The more people agreed to this role, the more respect your mother-in-law has shown. At the meeting, she could take with her relatives or close friends. During the gatherings, "Mom" felt obligated to share with young life experiences, give useful advice. If the son-in-law forgot about his duty and did not invite his mother-in-law, this was the reason for quarrels, and sometimes even enmity.
On the Maslenitsa holiday, respect is not shownonly to the wife's relatives. The sixth day is called "zolovkinovymi seating". The sisters of the husband visit their young daughter-in-law. She must put her own hand on the table, take them, demonstrating the skills of a good housewife. Each sister-in-law was supposed to present a gift. To make the meeting more fun, the daughter-in-law invited her friends-unmarried or married-to her. The latter depended on the status of the gills themselves.
If a woman had several brothers, she alternately traveled around with visits. Also on this day, mass celebrations continued: songs, dances, roller skating, fun games.
Raging fun came to an end. It was time to prepare for a strict post. Before him should be cleansed spiritually, acknowledging their mistakes and asking forgiveness from all those who inadvertently offended. I had to enter a new life with a pure heart. Forgiveness our ancestors asked of the dead, visiting this day the cemetery.
The Shrovetide scenario on the street includesburning stuffed. For the fire, they stocked firewood and threw various trash into it. Thus they left everything unnecessary in the past and liberated a new place. Scarecrow symbolized the winter. The bonfire was designed to heat the earth, to melt snowdrifts. Around him ritual dance was conducted. Girls went to the forest, to the bank of the river, they sang songs about spring, urging her.
In some localities, jumping throughbonfire. It was believed that the fire would burn all the bad, deliver from sins, diseases, evil eye. All the fast food was also burned, so that, with the onset of fasting, do not expose yourself to temptations. In some cases, adults only pretended to throw pancakes, milk, and butter into the fire. So they deceived the children so that they did not ask for more tasty food.
When the Shrovetide was over, ashes from the burned scarecrow were scattered across the fields. It was believed that it would provide a rich harvest.
Having learned, what is the number of Maslenitsa this year,try to conduct it with benefit. Communication with family, joint feasts, funny games will surely draw you closer. Let spring enter your heart with round dances and hot, lush pancakes.