Whitewashing of trees in spring: composition of whitewash
Some time ago, the whitewashing of trees in the springwas a traditional event of the April Subbotniks. For this reason, it is possible that some summer gardeners are starting from this event: the elegant trees seem to proclaim the end of the winter. But there are other opinions, according to which the solution interferes with the normal development of plants during the awakening period after winter, and therefore the whitewashing of garden trees in the spring is more for beauty, and not for profit.
Why you need to whiten trees
Treatment of trees with special solutionsis performed to protect the bark from a variety of external stress factors such as sun, frost and waking garden pests. Therefore, it is possible to bleach the trees for treatment and prevention twice a year.
When it is necessary to whiten trees
Only autumn whitewashing can fulfill itsthe main purpose is to fully and help such trees as apple trees and cherries overwinter. It should be carried out at a time when the leaves have already been discarded, but there is still no snow and frost (usually in the second half of October or a little later). Choose a sunny day, so that the paint can dry quickly and not be washed off.
Since there are few trays for whitewashing,which are kept on trees long enough, whitewashing of trees in the spring is very desirable. It must be done in March or early April. This allows not only to protect the bark from the strong spring rays of the sun, but also help to cope with some harmful overwintering insects.
How it works correctly whitewashing of trees. Cleaning the trunk
Old trees usually have a very heterogeneousbark, covered with various cracks, outgrowths, furrows, moss, etc. Such a surface is very white, and the solution will not last very long. Therefore, for the health of trees and for the convenience of whitewashing, the trunk should be cleaned. For these purposes, special scrapers are on sale, but you can also use conventional fabric gloves. They will make it possible to clean the bark of trees with sufficient care and without any damage. Performing the work with a metal scraper is slightly easier, but great care is needed, since it is possible to clean off accidentally and healthy bark.
During the cleaning process, moss and build-ups are removed, as well as the necrotic old layer of the bark, which will later be replaced by a new one. All this is home to harmful insects. All garbage should be burned.
Disinfection and treatment of injuries
Not all types of whitewash are effectiveto destroy pests, so it is recommended that the bark be treated with a special disinfectant in advance. To do this, you can use a solution of copper sulfate, Bordeaux mixture or other drugs. Their application is important to do so that the trunk of the tree was covered with a solution, but the drops did not drain from it. It is best to use a small spray. Regular use of strong chemicals is not worth it, because they have the property of accumulating and harming the tree and you.
If there is ash in the house, you can make it out of ita wonderful remedy for harmful insects. In addition, it can also serve as a top dressing. It is done as follows: in 10 liters of water, 2-3 kg of ash is diluted and a small piece of soap is added. This treatment is carried out on a sunny day.
The existing cracks or wounds on the bark are treateda special tool for protecting wood and accelerating healing. It is best to use garden var. Typically, experienced gardeners do it themselves. There are many recipes. The simplest version is the manufacture of a clay chattle with mullein and straw. She is not very persistent, but still can serve for some time.
It is most convenient to whitewash trees with the help ofspray gun. This allows you to save time and paint well all the irregularities and depressions. But this requires a solution more, and the device itself is not available to all. Therefore, brushes corresponding to the thickness of the trunk are more often used.
The whitewashing of trees in spring is performed from the bottom upup to the first branches. Often the trunk is whitewashed in height only by a meter or even lower. But frosts and pests can harm the tree and higher. Cracks often appear in the fork between large branches. Therefore, the composition should be applied sufficiently high, as well as painting the lower branches.
Which are the best tools to use?
The compositions for whitening are very different, and their purpose is different. Simple whitewashing of trees in spring with lime is not very effective,since it will wash off after a few rains. In lime, you should add clay, glue or manure for better pestering (that is available). For better protection in whitewash, vitriol is added.
Great value in whitewashing is the age of the tree. Old can withstand more additives. Young seedlings need to be whitened more cautiously. Only chalk or lime is used to whitewash trees with natural additives, because they have a tender skin that can not be clogged with glue (they can not breathe properly and will slow down in growth).
If there is no time to seek and grow your ownforces all the components, there is also a ready-made shop whitewash available. In its composition, glue and protective additives have already been introduced, and at the same time it allows "breathing". Whitewashing is sold in diluted or dry form (it should be diluted according to the instructions with water). Acrylic paint for whitewashing is undesirable. Although it looks, of course, beautiful and does not wash away much longer. The trunks are elegant, bright, snow-white, but they do not breathe at all.
We suggest to consider what can be a whitewash of fruit trees in spring composition.
Whitewashing of trees in spring: composition of lime, glue, clay and vitriol
The advantage of this mixture is that it adheres well, is not washed off for a long time, is environmentally friendly. Suitable for mature trees.
Dilute in water (about half a bucket) 50g of wallpaperadhesive. After it is well dispersed, add 2 kg of slaked lime and 400 g of diluted with very hot water of vitriol. Add 1 kg of clay and 1 kg of manure. Instead of wallpaper paste, you can use 100 gr. joinery glue. Stir well before a homogeneous mass. In density, it should be similar to sour cream.
Composition of lime, clay and copper sulphate
This mixture has been used for many years, but still has not lost its popularity among gardeners.
The whitewashing of the trees in the spring is made up of lime, clayand vitriol has the following. Quench with water 2.5 kg of lime. This is done in this way: 6 l of water is poured into the bucket and lime is poured. It is necessary to cover the bucket with a lid and let it, so to speak, "puff". After about 15-20 minutes, the lime stops splashing. Now it needs to add 300g of vitriol, previously diluted in hot water. To make the mixture more dense and stick better, add 2 kg of clay. The solution should be well mixed to make it thicker and without lumps. Cover with such a composition of the trees better than two layers.
Composition for young seedlings and trees
Here you can use only environmentally friendly and the simplest ingredients that do not clog pores on young seedlings.
The composition is as follows: 2 kg of slaked lime mixed with 1 kg of manure and 1-1.5 kg of clay. Then add water until the consistency of thick sour cream is obtained.
Clay and manure have disinfectant and binding properties. This composition can be used for whitewashing all trees, not just young ones.
Apply the composition with a wide brush. Begin whitewashing from above and move down.