Population and area of Khabarovsk. Time zone, climate, economy and attractions of Khabarovsk
In the Far East in the Russian Federationthe city of Khabarovsk is located. This is the administrative center of the Khabarovsk Territory and the Far Eastern Federal District of the Russian Federation. In the East, he occupies a leading place in education, culture and politics. It is a large industrial and economic metropolis. It is located about 30 km from the PRC border.
Where exactly is Khabarovsk? What is the climate of the city? What is the area of Khabarovsk? Also below are data on the population of the regional capital. It is also told about the economy and describes the regions of Khabarovsk.
General information about the city
Initially, Khabarovsk was on a neutralterritory, without borders, between Russia and China. And only after a general agreement the disputed land was given to the Russian Empire. In 1858 Khabarovsk was founded, and in 1880 it was given the status of a city. Since 2002, he joined the Far Eastern Federal District.
The city became the capital of the Khabarovsk Territory. It houses the headquarters of the military district, 200 regional bodies of the federal government, and the Ministry for the Development of the Far East. He is a member of the Association of Siberian and Far Eastern cities.
In the center, where Khabarovsk is located, they intersectthe largest air and railway transport routes. The city is on the outskirts of the state and in a different time zone. That is why the question arises: "How much from Moscow to Khabarovsk." It was located at a distance of 8 thousand 500 km from the capital of Russia, if you go by rail, and about 6 thousand km by plane. Today, a well-developed transport interchange. The city has two airports, four railway stations, a river port.
Climate and time zone of Khabarovsk
What is the climate in the city? Where is Khabarovsk? The city is located on the southern Middle Amur lowland, where two rivers merge: Ussuri and Amur. It is washed by the Japanese and Okhotsk Seas. Its relief is diverse. The central part is located on gentle hills (hills) above sea level of 70-90 m.
Due to its proximity to the sea, the climateKhabarovsk is temperate, with a warm, but with a rainy summer and a cold winter. In winter, the average temperature is in the area - 20 degrees, and the temperature in mid-July is about +21 degrees. The climate of Khabarovsk is monsoon, as in winter there is little snow and cold, and in summer it is warm and often rains. In January 2011 the weather forecasters recorded the lowest temperature -41 degrees. In the summer of 2010, the thermometer thermometer showed a maximum temperature of +36.7 degrees.
The time zone of Khabarovsk is located in Vladivostok time and is shifted by +10 hours on the World Coordinated Time (UTC). The difference with the capital of Russia is +7 hours.
Population and area of Khabarovsk
The Khabarovsk Territory is the most sparsely populated region of the Russian Federation. This is affected mainly by the harsh climate, as well as the decline in the economy, which continues from the post-Soviet period. In 2017, the population in the province is 1 million 333 thousand 294 people, where the population density is 1.69 people per km².
Despite the difficulties, the population of KhabarovskEach year it increased. In 2003, the number of residents was 580,400 people, and according to analytical estimates in 2017 in the regional capital live 616 thousand 242 people. The city is the second largest city in the Far East.
The population of Khabarovsk and Khabarovsk Krai is multinational and diverse. For 2010, the percentage of people living in different nationalities is:
- about 92% - Russian;
- 2,1% - Ukrainians;
- 0.8% - Nanais;
- 0.6% - Koreans, Tatars;
- 0,4% - Byelorussians, Evenki;
- 0.3% - the Chinese.
The main part (about 65%) of the Far East is workers and students. Many residents have higher education. Children and adolescents make up 19% of the total population, and pensioners - 16%.
Administration of the city of Khabarovskis trying to improve the conditions for large families in the city: medical services are becoming more quality, they are providing material assistance, are improving the health of children in needy families, building playgrounds, planting parks, etc.
The area of Khabarovsk is 386 km ². The length of the city along the coast is 33 km.
Mayor of the city
The mayor of Khabarovsk since September 2000 isAlexander Nikolayevich Sokolov. Was selected for 4 years. In 1981 he was appointed the head of the industrial and transport department of the Railway District Party Committee. In 1983 he became secretary of the party committee of the plant. Gorky, and in 1986 he was appointed director.
In Khabarovsk in 1990 the firstdemocratic elections of the City Council of People's Deputies. AN Sokolova was elected to the post of deputy and chairman of the city council. His ability to rally strong people around him and great efficiency helped win the election. Already in 1993, he was appointed deputy head of the administration for economic issues.
During the second election in 2004, A.N. Sokolov took the lead and won 83.84% of the vote. The Mayor of Khabarovsk was also elected to the third, fourth term of office and works in this position to the present day.
Administrative division into districts
The city is divided into 4 districts: Central, Northern, Railway and Southern.
The districts are divided into districts of Khabarovsk. There are 5 administrative districts in the city:
- Central is one of the old administrativedistricts, the center of Khabarovsk. The area of its territory is 9.5 km ². It differs from others in more developed infrastructure, cleanliness and improvement. The transport system is well developed. Here there are educational, cultural and shopping centers. There is a river station and the central market. In 2017 the number of residents in the area is 96 thousand 155 people.
- Krasnoflotsky is a region with a population of 91 thousand 997 inhabitants.
- In the Kirovsky district for 2017 live 53 thousand 674 citizens.
- In Zheleznodorozhny district live 151 thousand. 990 people. It is one of the major areas in the eastern part of the city. It was established in 1938 on the orders of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. Its territory covers about 9.6 thousand hectares. Here there is an airport, a railway station, a military airfield and a bus station.
- The industrial area is the largest. In it there are 222 thousand 426 people. It is located in the southern part. There are two main roads in the district, which cross the city from north to south.
Industrial enterprises and economics
Khabarovsk factories make up the bulk of the industrial city. There are 86 main enterprises of the industry. Main activities:
- processing industry;
- distribution and production of water, electricity and gas;
- communication and transport;
- machine building;
- metal processing;
- woodworking and fuel industry;
- provision of catering services and trade;
- Developed activities in the field of real estate.
Since the city needs the development of moderninfrastructure and in the construction of housing complexes, there is a mechanism in the city to attract investment investments on a long-term basis. In 2008, about 46 million rubles were invested in construction investments.
There are about 28 municipal enterprises operating in 7 sectors of the economy. They constitute the economic sector of the administrative center. The amount of their assets is equal to 13.1 billion rubles.
The administration of Khabarovsk has developedstrategic development plan until 2020. 60 targeted programs have been prepared, most of which are aimed at economic and social development. For implementation it is necessary:
- creation of good, safe conditions for citizens;
- the creation of a scientific and technical center in the region;
- formation of trade and transport logistics in the region;
- improving the work of the administrative and political center of the Russian Federation in the Far East.
In the Far East,railway construction. The history of the city station still begins with the reign of the great Romanovs. According to historical data, they laid the first stone to where the largest railroads carrying huge cargoes and a large number of passengers are passing.
In 1891, we built the Ussuriisk Ironroad, and already in 1897 a road was laid between Khabarovsk and Vladivostok. The construction of the Amursky section of Transsib has transformed the city into a major transport junction. So there was a railway station Khabarovsk-2. Subsequently, a large railway district was built.
Railway station Khabarovsk-1 is a passengerrailway station, which impresses all visitors with its original architecture. It was opened in 1905. The station is located in the center of the city itself. At its one hundred and tenth year the station was completely renovated at the expense of the city budget, with the participation of local patrons. From the former station remained only the famous monument to E. P. Khabarov, which stands on the station square.
Transport of the city
Khabarovsk has a large international andregional importance in transport communication from north to west of the country. The city connects federal points of highways "Ussuri", "Amur", "Khabarovsk-Komsomolsk-on-Amur" and "Vostok". Back in 1893, a bus station was built, which could support a passenger flow of five hundred passengers per hour. International buses connect the central and eastern edge.
With the help of the Amur River Shipping CompanyPassenger and cargo transportation on the Amur River is carried out. The vessels carry out sea transport (both freight and passenger) to remote areas of the Far Eastern Territory. The city has a cargo river port, for passengers there is a river station, Khabarovsk repair and maintenance base of the fleet is functioning. Down along the river, passengers travel by means of motor ships "Meteora", and up the river Tunguska there is a series of high-speed vessels "Dawn". During the Soviet time cruise ships cruised along the Amur River. At the present time such ships have already been canceled, however, it is possible that the cruise routes will return in the future.
The aviation transport of Khabarovsk is well developed. Air transportation is carried out through the Small and Large airports, which are located ten kilometers from the center of Khabarovsk. In addition, the city has a base for repair of aircraft. Through the zone of air traffic controllers there are air flights from Japan to Europe. There are military airfields of Central and Dinamo.
Trams, trolley-buses,shuttle buses and buses. The length of intra-urban transport lines is about 500 kilometers. Due to the complex networks of underground rivers and mountainous terrain, the city has not built a subway. Such a construction would threaten Khabarovsk, which, under any flaw, could have gone underground.
Art and culture of the city
Khabarovsk is not only a major industrial center, but also a city of culture in the Far East. The following city museums work in it:
- The Regional Museum. It was founded in 1894. with the help of the Priamursky Department of the Russian Geographical Society. A stone tortoise weighing 6,400 kg was installed in front of the building. In 2005, the museum opened a new exposition of Amur fish.
- Museum of Archeology. AP Okladnikova.
- Museum of the history of the city. It was opened in 2004. There are museum exhibits from Khabarovsk from the pre-revolutionary period to modern times.
- Art Museum.
- Military History Museum of the Far Eastern District. He started working in 1983. In it are samples of military equipment of different times.
- Museum of the Amur bridge.
- Art Gallery. Fedotov.
- Museum of the history of the Khabarovsk-1 station.
Since 1978 he works as the central library. P. Komarova, as well as its ten branches. The children's library was also built by him. A. Gaidar and the Scientific Library of the Academy of Science and Law.
Monuments and squares
The city has a lot of squares and monuments. The main square of Khabarovsk - Lenin. It hosts all the city's parades and celebrates outstanding local holidays. She is recognized as the most beautiful in the city. The central square of Khabarovsk is the square of Glory. It was opened in 1975. It is a monument to the heroes of the Great Patriotic War. Komsomolskaya Square is the oldest in the city. In 1923 it was renamed Red Square.
In 2012, the city was awarded the honorary title of RF"City of Military Glory". In honor of this title was built Stella. Its opening took place in 2015, that is, on the seventieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. At the foot of the monument, the city administration plans in the near future to open a city museum dedicated to the same topic.
A monument was erected at the Lenin Stadium"Black Tulip" in honor of the soldiers who died in the Afghan war. The author of the monument was the famous sculptor Yu. Kukuev. "Black Tulip" attracts a lot of attention of tourists, although what to say - the locals involuntarily look back at the monument, accidentally passing by. Many townspeople visit him to honor the memory of their relatives or friends.
Near the stadium stands a monument to the Young Defenders of the city. The monument was built in 2004 in honor of the victims of the Civil War of 1921.
A monument to Captain Ya. Dyachenko is erected on a granite platform. It was built solely on the donations of citizens. Next to the monument is a street that is named after this person.
More than a hundred years ago the Amursky bridge was built- this engineering miracle is the largest bridge in the whole of Russia. There is organized a railway and two-way automobile traffic. It connects the banks of the Amur River. This is one of the unique places in the city.
In modern Khabarovsk, there are many beautiful places,who like to visit as tourists, and the citizens themselves. In 1983, the city's ponds were amazingly beautiful. They consist of three ponds, which are created in the form of a cascade and are divided among themselves by a small dam. Around them are green and shady alleys. In 2011, ponds were equipped with light-illuminations and fountain equipment. Now a lot of townspeople gather here in the evenings to enjoy a light show, and in the afternoon those who like the pleasant murmur of fountains walk nearby.
Also the embankment of the city. Nevelskogo is a tourist attraction. The Amur cliff is the pride of the citizens themselves. In this beautiful place often come to rest the families of the local residents, here appoint the lovers, the elderly citizens like to walk. The Amur cliff is considered to be a particularly romantic place for lovers and honeymooners, in the "wedding season" the newlyweds here and there are photographed, and in the people it is believed that to visit this place on the wedding day is to a strong family happiness. The Amur cliff is located in the historical part of Khabarovsk.
On Komsomolskaya square there is one morethe pride of the Far East - Grado-Khabarovsk Cathedral of the Assumption of the Mother of God. Every traveler visits it to look at the extraordinary beauty of the cathedral architecture. The height of the temple is 50 m. Its first clearly visible immediately upon entering the city. The building was built for ten years, and in 1886 it was the first service.
Muravyov-Amursky Street is anotherknown, both among local and tourists, not only in Russia, but also from other countries, the landmark of the city. It is here that the oldest houses that stand out against the backdrop of the modern city are preserved, recalling the past. There are many cozy restaurants and cafes on the street that offer coffee and cakes as well as full lunches at affordable prices, as well as the best cinema in the city. In shops selling Far Eastern souvenirs for tourists.