Intracranial pressure in newborn infants
Intracranial pressure in newborns -the value is relative. It alone can both decrease and rise. That is why pediatricians assume the development of the disease in almost every child. So, let's figure it out in order.
When does intracranial pressure (ICP) appear?
Intracranial pressure in neonates causeshydrocephalus, head trauma, brain tumor, intracranial hemorrhage and neuroinfections. Determine the presence of intracranial pressure is not easy. Often, this diagnosis is put absolutely healthy children.
In the brain there are gastric cavities filled with cerebrospinal fluid. The fluid forms in the ventricles and flows into the canal of the spinal cord. If there is a violation of the outflow of liquor, there is pressure.
What causes the outflow of liquor?
Intracranial pressure in newborns canarise as a result of intrauterine infection, an abnormal structure of the brain, suffered during intrauterine development of hypoxia or as a result of the resulting birth trauma.
How is intracranial pressure manifested?
- Frequent and plentiful regurgitation.
- Head tilting during crying.
- Increased muscle tone.
- The head circumference is greater than the expected norm. For children under one year, the head circumference should not increase by more than 1 cm every month.
- Restless behavior of the child, crying during feeding and poor sleep.
- Bulging fontanel.
- Divergence of the bones of the skull.
- Convergent strabismus.
What should parents do?
First of all, the child needs to be showna doctor who will confirm or refute your suspicions. Intracranial pressure in newborns is determined with the help of ultrasound diagnosis of the brain. Based on the data, it is possible to judge the expansion of the ventricles, which are direct evidence of the development of the disease.
Treatment of ICP
How to cure intracranial pressure? Of course, the most appropriate treatment for you will appoint a doctor after carrying out the necessary studies. Treatment depends on the severity of the disease and can be carried out both at home and in the hospital. Mainly prescribed diuretics, contributing to the outflow to the spinal cord cerebrospinal fluid. Of no small importance is the vitamin complex, massage and physiotherapy.
Consequences of intracranial pressure
Let's consider, what is dangerous intracranial pressure:
- Frequent severe headaches.
- Deterioration of working capacity and fast fatigue.
- Violation of the central nervous system.
- Development of autonomic dystonia.
- Disorder of cardiac activity.
- Deterioration of vision.
- Developmental delay.
How to be a mother?
Each mother wishes her child happiness andhealth. Therefore, if you did not observe the symptoms of the disease in the child, but the doctor persistently insists on the development of intracranial pressure, then better conduct a repeated ultrasound. If the diagnosis is confirmed, intracranial pressure in newborns must be treated, otherwise the consequences can be deplorable.
Quite often, on increasing the pressure,weather change, magnetic storms and off-season. In such unfavorable days, be especially attentive to the child, offer the breast on demand, at the first opportunity, take it on your hands or lie down next to you.
On treatment of intracranial pressure favorablyaffect the following factors - breastfeeding, walking in the fresh air, prolonged emotional contact with the mother and joint sleep. Listen to pleasant music, dance, iron the baby and talk to him. No medicine is capable of giving as much as unlimited love is dearest to man - mother.