What is psychosis? Symptoms of psychosis and its treatment
Before we consider the symptoms of psychosis andlearn about his treatment, let's formulate the very concept. Psychosis is not a specific disease, but a generalized class of mental disorders. Their common feature is the disturbed process of reflecting objective reality. In other words, a sick person perceives the world around him in a distorted form.
Psychosis: symptoms, treatment
Distorted vision of the real world is manifested inviolation of behavior and manifestation of unusual syndromes and symptoms. Psychosis does not in any way give rise to any new phenomena, it merely represents the loss of activity of the higher brain levels.
Symptoms of psychosis
In general, the general signs of this stateall kinds of delusions and various hallucinations are considered. Regardless of the variety, the symptoms of psychosis include the mandatory agitation of the actions.
- Twilight consciousness. Characterized by a very rare narrowing of the patient's interests. His consciousness is going through a "troubled time". This can be observed during epilepsy and the state of hysteria.
- Delirium. Violation of consciousness, which is characterized by constant visual hallucinations.
- Onyroids. A state very similar to a dream. The patient sees hallucinations, lives not in reality, but in complete delirium.
- Amenţia. Consciousness of the patient - confused, confused, and his thinking - chaotic.
- The decay of a person's personality. This is a complete separation of the patient's consciousness from the reality surrounding him.
All of the above symptoms of psychosis are histhe main signs, but, mind you, not the only ones! In order to accurately determine the type of specific mental disorder, it is necessary to conduct a long observation at the psychiatrist, after which the doctor will make an official conclusion and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
How to treat?
Usually the patient is placed in a psychiatrichospital. Today's therapy is not without the use of special psychotropic drugs - neuroleptics (sometimes - tranquilizers or antidepressants). The process of treatment is accompanied by the intake of drugs that strengthen the patient's body, or medications that help reduce the phenomenon of intoxication.
This is a generalized group of mental illnesses,which occur in people after 60 years. This manifests itself in a state of darkened consciousness on the part of an elderly person, as well as in various endoform violations. Important! Older psychosis does not cause total dementia!
Today, physicians distinguish two types of senile psychosis:
- acute forms, which are manifested by the confusion of consciousness;
- chronic forms manifested in depressive disorders, paranoid and hallucinatory states.
It should be carried out depending on thephysical condition of the patient. Psychotropic drugs such as Pirazidol, Azafen, Amitriptyline and others are used. In some cases, treatment is done using two drugs. In addition, it is necessary to constantly monitor the somatic state of patients.